Editorial

25 de Abril, Sempre!

Humberto Martins

A Etnográfica celebra os 50 anos do 25 de Abril de 1974. Não podia deixar de ser. Abril abriu, em Portugal e no Mundo, muitas portas para as Ciências Sociais. Áreas de saber vistas como perigosas e ameaçadoras do statu quo de regimes opressores

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Editorial

A antropologia e o 25 de Abril: introdução

Sónia Vespeira de Almeida, João Leal e Emília Margarida Marques

Este número da Etnográfica, comemorativo dos 50 anos do 25 de Abril, procura associar a comunidade dos antropólogos – professores, investigadores, profissionais da antropologia, antigos estudantes ou atuais estudantes – à evocação das

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Etnografias da revolução em revista

Ricos e Pobres no Alentejo: posfácio à edição portuguesa

José Cutileiro

Quando na Primavera de 1970 acabei de escrever A Portuguese Rural Society, estava convencido de que a fase de história económica e social do Alentejo iniciada no segundo quartel do século XIX teria ainda longos anos à sua frente e que as

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Etnografias da revolução em revista

Agrarian Reform in Southern Portugal

Sandra McAdam Clark e Brian Juan O’Neill

This paper1 has two main purposes: (a) to present some preliminary results from S. McAdam Clark’s recent research on the agrarian reform and related developments in Southern Portugal, and (b) to set forth a critique of José Cutileiro’s specific

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Etnografias da revolução em revista

Emigration and its implications for the revolution in Northern Portugal

Caroline B. Brettell

In October of 1973, the newly organized International Conference Group on Modern Portugal, spearheaded by Douglas Wheeler (historian), Joyce Riegelhaupt (anthropologist) and others, held its first meeting on the campus of the University of New

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Imagens do país em 1974-1976: ensaio de antropologia visual

Um outro Portugal de abril: os estudiosos não revolucionários do povo

Clara Saraiva

A “equipa maravilha” da antropologia portuguesa do século XX formou-se em torno da figura de António Jorge Dias, que completou na Universidade de Munique, em 1944, um doutoramento em Etnologia, com a tese Vilarinho da Furna, Um Povo

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Antropologia e revolução: do ISCSPU ao ISCSP (1974-1976)

Introdução a Antropologia e revolução: do ISCSPU ao ISCSP

João Leal

No dia 27 de abril de 1974 – dois dias depois do 25 de Abril – caiu o “U” de ISCSPU (Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Política Ultramarina), renomeado no mesmo dia ISCSP (Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas).

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Antropologia e revolução: do ISCSPU ao ISCSP (1974-1976)

Recordações do 25 de Abril de 1974 no ISCSP

Filipe Ramires

O clima repressivo que perpassava pela Academia de Lisboa nos anos anteriores ao 25 de Abril de 1974 também se fazia sentir no então ISCSPU. O controlo político-repressivo efectuado pela direcção da escola, nomeadamente através de certos

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Antropologia e revolução: do ISCSPU ao ISCSP (1974-1976)

Tempos de extremos

Luís Souta

Entrei na universidade em 1970, depois de ter realizado, em finais de Outubro, o “exame de admissão”, escrito e oral – Língua e Literatura Portuguesa e Geografia Geral, segundo as “matérias estabelecidas no programa oficial do 7.º ano

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Antropologia e revolução: do ISCSPU ao ISCSP (1974-1976)

Memórias do ISCSP(U) antes e depois do 25 de Abril de 1974

Dulcinea Gil

Terminado o liceu (ensino secundário) da alínea B, no Liceu Nacional de Faro, fui para Lisboa, a fim de frequentar o curso de Filologia Germânica da Faculdade Letras da Universidade de Lisboa.1 Fiquei desiludida com o curso quando percebi que, ao

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Antropologia e revolução: do ISCSPU ao ISCSP (1974-1976)

25 de Abril de 1974: meio século depois – levitando

Maria da Luz Alexandrino

Em Lisboa sentia-se electricidade no ar – estava tudo de nervos em franja. Informações sussurradas nos cafés e nas esquinas sobre movimentos de militares, especialmente de capitães democráticos; sobre a tentativa de golpe de Março nas Caldas

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Antropologia e revolução: do ISCSPU ao ISCSP (1974-1976)

A Universidade e o 25 de Abril: o ISCSP e a Antropologia

José Fialho Feliciano

Em 25 de Abril de 1974 estudava em várias universidades de Paris, modeladas, de formas diferentes, pelos ventos de mudança de Maio de 1968. Em Jussieu (Paris VII – Faculté des Sciences) fizera o bacharelato (DEUG) em Ciências da Sociedade,

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Antropologia e revolução: do ISCSPU ao ISCSP (1974-1976)

Do ISCSPU… ao ISCSP!

José Cardim

Foi em 1960 que, estando eu em Angola e interno numa escola no Sul do país, sucedeu no Norte a primeira “insurreição moderna” nas colónias portuguesas. Tinha antes vivido e estudado em Lisboa, em Luanda, Lourenço Marques e… no

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Antropologia e revolução: do ISCSPU ao ISCSP (1974-1976)

Comentário final – o 25 de Abril e a queda do U: apontamentos sobre memória e revoluções

José Neves

Para aquele lisboeta que descobriu que já não tinha creme de barbear em casa, o dia 25 de abril de 1974 começou mal. Ainda assim, o homem saiu à rua e foi aí e então que se inteirou do que estaria a acontecer na cidade: uma revolução. Os

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Etnografias da revolução, hoje

Etnografia retrospectiva 2.0: o gesto artístico na revolução

Sónia Vespeira de Almeida

This article interrogates artistic practices during the revolution in the context of the MFA’s Cultural Dynamisation and Civic Action Campaigns (1974-1975). It begins by revisiting a corpus of ethnographic data collected as part of a research

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Etnografias da revolução em revista

Portuguese retornados: memory, citizenship, and (post)imperial identity

Elsa Peralta e Bruno Góis

With the end of the colonial empire, following the Revolution of April 25th, 1974, the borders and identity of the Portuguese nation were redefined. In this context, around half a million citizens from the former colonies were repatriated to

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Etnografias da revolução, hoje

Recusar o império da ignorância: compassos das revoluções em Angola e Portugal na obra tardia de Ruy Duarte de Carvalho (1941-2010)

Inês Ponte

Ao lidar com as convulsões políticas do passado de Angola, a obra literária mais tardia do antropólogo Ruy Duarte de Carvalho (1941-2010), angolano de origem portuguesa, proporciona refletir sobre a revolução dos cravos em Portugal. Não é

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Etnografias da revolução, hoje

The revolution in the countryside: revisiting a socioenvironmental conflict in post-25th April in a Bera Baixa hamlet

Pedro Gabriel Silva

Following the April 25th 1974 revolution, a village in the municipality of Belmonte (Portugal) became the scene of a six-year conflict between a group of small-holder landowners joined by part of the community and a mining company. This article,

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Etnografias da revolução, hoje

April 25th × 50 years of writing in the city

Cristina Pratas Cruzeiro, Ricardo Campos e Cláudia Madeira

In this article, we aim to revisit one of the privileged places for citizens’ expression – the street and urban public space – based on the legacy of graffiti and murals created during the Portuguese revolutionary period of April 25th, 1974.

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O que gostarias de ter estudado em 1974?

Portugal 2024, imaginado desde o 25 de Abril

Nuno Domingos

O presente é uma condição inevitável da produção de uma investigação que responda ao desafio da Etnográfica: escrever um ensaio acerca do que gostaria de pesquisar se tivesse tido a oportunidade de acompanhar in loco a revolução de 25 de

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O que gostarias de ter estudado em 1974?

Processos revolucionários em discurso: descentralizando e desconstruindo os impactos do 25 de Abril em Angola

Ruy Llera Blanes

É já um lugar-comum afirmar o papel fulcral que o 25 de Abril de 1974 teve no processo de descolonização das colónias portuguesas em África, nomeadamente no que diz respeito à incorporação da descolonização como desígnio do programa do

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O que gostarias de ter estudado em 1974?

Projetos contestados de reprodução social durante o processo revolucionário: necessidades humanas e horizontes de valor

Patrícia Alves de Matos

Se pudesse escolher uma temática de investigação sobre o período revolucionário português, qual seria? Foi este o desafio que os editores me colocaram. Inicialmente pensei em velhas ideias que tinha tido quando terminei a minha licenciatura em

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O que gostarias de ter estudado em 1974?

Revolução, turismo e antropologia

Marta Prista

Avril au Portugal. Pela mão do Comissariado de Turismo, o Estado Novo promoveu a viagem a Portugal recebendo os estrangeiros no dia do turista com flores, souvenirs e sorrisos de jovens trajadas à imagem do país que se queria.2 Em 1974, uns dias

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O que gostarias de ter estudado em 1974?

Nota sobre a capa

Constança Arouca

A caminho da exposição do Mário Cesariny, no MAAT, e já com a capa da celebração dos 50 anos do 25 de Abril em mente, pela primeira vez estive a observar com atenção a intervenção dos 48 artistas, na reinterpretação de 2022 do mural do

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Found in Translation

Introduction to "Anthropology in Arabic: beyond the discursive monopoly" (Abdellah Hammoudi, 2018)

Francisco Freire

A Etnográfica inicia com este número uma nova proposta editorial. “Found in Translation” é uma secção concebida para dar espaço a mais antropologias, apontando a essa diversidade epistemológica reclamada na construção de um campo ele

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Found in Translation

Anthropology in Arabic: beyond the discursive monopoly

Abdellah Hammoudi

Alguns leitores podem com razão interrogar-se quanto ao efetivo significado da expressão “antropologia em língua árabe”, uma vez que esta, ainda que cuidadosamente escolhida por mim, comporta diferentes significados, alguns deles

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Articles

Playing with death to celebrate life: an ethnographic study of the pilgrimage of the coffins in Santa Marta de Ribarteme, Pontevedra, Galicia

Carlos Hernández-Fernández

Since the mid-20th century, a number of religious and festive pilgrimages have been held in Galicia and Portugal in which symbols of a funerary nature were used as a form of offering to give thanks for miracles or to pray for them to take place.

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Articles

Governing and classifying over a peasant territory: social effects on a dam project establishment in Huila, Colombia

Camilo Andrés Salcedo Montero

In this paper, I present the results of ethnographic research that analyzes the social effects on peasant communities (dedicated to working the land and fishing in the river) due to the delivery of compensation and the carrying out of works for the

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Articles

Images of movement: land, kinship, and history in the Upper Xingu

Antonio Guerreiro

The aim of this article is to understand how the Kalapalo, a Carib-speaking people of the Upper Xingu (southern Amazon), describe their relationship with their traditional lands in narratives and personal accounts of their occupation of the area and

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History of Anthropology

Culture, its mode of being: a proposal for reflection following Edward Sapir

Ricardo Santos Alexandre

This essay revisits a classic text of anthropology, Edward Sapir’s “Culture, genuine and spurious”, taking it as a partner for a dialogue and reflection on the notion of culture. In “Culture, genuine and spurious”, Sapir is able to deliver

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Interdisciplinarities

A arquitetura e o construído: uma abordagem antropológica para sua distinção conceptual

Ion Fernández de las Heras

Partindo de uma série de considerações relacionadas com o meu trabalho de campo no meio rural do País Basco, sugiro que a coincidência conceptual entre a arquitetura e o construído pode levar a obliterações indesejadas para aqueles que se

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Dossiê "Futuros em disputa: abordagens teórico-metodológicas sobre o porvir nas periferias do Sul Global"

Futuros em disputa: abordagens teórico-metodológicas sobre o porvir nas periferias e no Sul global – introdução

Paula Godinho e Raúl H. Contreras Román

A antropologia tem proposto alternativas para pensar os modos pelos quais o passado afeta o presente, sem dar igual importância às múltiplas maneiras pelas quais os futuros socialmente imaginados o fazem. Trabalhos recentes têm-no indagado no

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Dossiê "Futuros em disputa: abordagens teórico-metodológicas sobre o porvir nas periferias do Sul Global"

Multispecies futures: a manifesto from the South in the face of the capitalist Anthropocene

Berenice Vargas García e David Varela Trejo

A little over ten years ago, the anthropological academy of the global North baptized with the name “multispecies” a mode of study and writing that de-centers the human and that, in research, pays attention to the socio-cultural and affective

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Dossiê "Futuros em disputa: abordagens teórico-metodológicas sobre o porvir nas periferias do Sul Global"

The land is the time: narratives of the future among Andean-Amazonian peasant women

Saraya Bonilla Lozada

This article reflects together with peasant women-defenders of the territory in Bajo Putumayo, in Southern Colombia. It resumes their narratives of the future and the understanding of time and space that they elaborate from their incarnated

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Dossiê "Futuros em disputa: abordagens teórico-metodológicas sobre o porvir nas periferias do Sul Global"

End of a village, end of the world: memories and imagined futures from Tixcacal Quintero, Yucatán

Julián Dzul Nah

This article presents the ways in which some people from Tixcacal Quintero (Yucatán, México), inhabitants or immigrants, remember the town’s henequenero past, and imagine its futures. Framed in a post-emigration context, which started in the

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Dossiê "Futuros em disputa: abordagens teórico-metodológicas sobre o porvir nas periferias do Sul Global"

The “day after tomorrow”: thinking about ethnic futures among the Ñuu Savi population in the south of Mexico

Norma Bautista Santiago

In the Mixtec language or Tu'un Savi the word future does not exist, however, among the people who assume themselves to be part of the People of the Rain or Ñuu Savi; population of indigenous origin in southern Mexico, there is the notion of what

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Dossiê "Futuros em disputa: abordagens teórico-metodológicas sobre o porvir nas periferias do Sul Global"

The humble dreams: a concrete future in an indigenous region of Mexico

Raúl H. Contreras Román

This article explores “humble dreams” as a local model of an imagined future, emerging from diverse and historically situated conversations that build common sense and enable people to imagine other possible lives and engage with them in the

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Dossiê "Futuros em disputa: abordagens teórico-metodológicas sobre o porvir nas periferias do Sul Global"

The world exists now

João Carlos Louçã

After the end of the Cold War and the Soviet bloc, the 1990’s promised the expansion of capitalism to the most remote corners of the planet. Globalization was the way economic liberalism assumed this purpose by ensuring that economies and

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Resources

Mobilities, ethnography and tourism: a literature overview on ethnographic methodologies

Juliana Carneiro and Thiago Allis

This work aims at identifying and analyzing the entanglements between mobilities, ethnography and tourism, based on an integrative literature review. It seeks, in particular, the use of ethnographic methodologies applied in the field of mobilities

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The Cut

Lights out: practicing opacity in Estonian basements

Francisco Martínez

This essay engages with alternative regimes of invisibility by investigating the things that are kept, and the practices that take place in basements of eastern Estonia. The use of hiding infrastructures is here taken as part of wider claims about

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The Cut

Etnographing the underground: notes and inspirations from the text by Francisco Martínez

Mariana Tello Weiss

The text is highly inspiring from both a theoretical and methodological point of view. It proposes an ethnography of the basements in Sillamäe, a small village in eastern Estonia. A village that, because of its history - marked by war and the

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The Cut

What Else Can We Do with/in Holes?

Tamta Khalvashi

“Where is a bunker?” This question started to haunt many of us in Georgian cities when Russia invaded Ukraine in February 2022. Quest for bunkers, basements and shelters, for spaces of both opacity and safety, was drawn from the possible

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The Cut

From basement to de-basement? A probing response to opacity

Hermione Spriggs

“The opaque is not the obscure” (Glissant 1997: 191). So begins Fran Martínez’ text on basements, which he approaches as spaces of opacity that can nonetheless be entered

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The Cut

Where the Story Begins Anew

Patrick Laviolette

Francisco Martínez starts his essay with a quotation by Édouard Glissant. He might just as easily have chosen something from Gaston Bachelard’s Poetics of Space (1958) or Dick Hebdige’s Hiding in the Light (1988) to introduce what lays on the

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Indigenous archaeologies, territories, and human rights: dialogues among representatives of the Tupi Guarani, Tuxá, and Eastern Pequot

Yacunã Tuxá [1], Natasha Gambrell [2], Luã Apyká [3], Blaire Morseau [4], Stephen W. Silliman [5], Daniela Balanzátegui [6], Marianne Sallum [7]

21.05.2024

In recent decades, a global solidarity movement among various Indigenous peoples, Afro-descendants, and traditional communities has grown, united to defend and preserve their territories and linguistic diversity.
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25 April, always!

24.04.2024

Etnográfica celebrates the 50th anniversary of 25 April 1974. We wanted to associate an artistic (musical) proposal with this outstanding edition,  an Agora's exclusive content:
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It's because I miss you that I'm skinny: male (re)encounters in the Bolivian Chaco

Pere Morell i Torra

18.04.2024

This text focuses on my last encounter with one of my main interlocutors in the field, when a change in the subject of my research also changed our relationship [1]. Through fragments of conversations, field diary
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The War Against Gaza: Genocide, Geopolitics and Anthropology

Paulo Gabriel Hilu da Rocha Pinto

27.03.2024

The number of dead and wounded, as well as the destruction of civilian infrastructure in Israel's military offensive against Gaza, reached staggering proportions in just a few weeks. The scale of the conflict and
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Missing girls: the sexual exploitation of children in the form of self-managed internal trafficking

M. Belén Ortega-Senet

13.03.2024

The sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is one of the most invisible forms of sexual violence, loaded with myths, stereotypes, prejudices and greatly simplified in its understanding as a phenomenon. Of all its
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Anthropology in Arabic: beyond the discursive monopoly

Abdellah Hammoudi

Tradução de Ilham Houass e Diane Abd-El-Karim

Revisto por Francisco Freire e Abdallah Hammoudi

12.03.2024

The text by Moroccan anthropologist Abdellah Hammoudi, which we find here today in Portuguese, was originally published in Arabic in 2018 as an introduction to the book
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The corner of the "calabaceira": encounters, affections and ethnography in the "Vale"

Simone Frangella

Max Ruben Ramos

05.03.2024

In this text, Simone Frangella and Max Ruben Ramos talk about their fieldwork experience in Vale da Amoreira, in the municipality of Moita, in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area. The story invites us to think about how a
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Wandering through the past with an eviscerated present: looking at Gaza through the archives

Raquel Gil Carvalheira

04.03.2024

In this February of a live broadcast genocide, the proposal is "Wandering through the past with an eviscerated present: looking at Gaza through the archives". This in the month in which Etnográfica inaugurates its Found in Translation section with
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Interview with Caroline Brettell

Caroline Brettell

Marta Rosales

Sónia Ferreira

27.02.2024

Interview with Caroline Brettell, held at the Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon, on 30 June 2023. The interview focused on the author's field experience with Portuguese emigration in France and rural populations in Portugal in
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Ex-votos around the monument to Dr Sousa Martins

(Re)encontrar Sousa Martins

Vincenzo Scamardella

06.02.2024

This tale is an ethnofiction about a contemporary and individual research for supernatural help that has its roots in the childhood memories of the protagonist. In this story, the fictional character of Miguel who is inspired by encounters that I
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A decade and many events later: what can we (re)read about possible minority liberalisms?

Paulo Victor Leite Lopes

06.02.2024

In this first edition of “A book and his critics”, we discuss Moisés Lino e Silva’s (Federal University of Bahia) recent book "Minoritarian Liberalism. A Travesti Life in a Brazilian Favela (2022)", which, based on ethnographic fieldwork in
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“Over there”: on the relative legibility of the cityscape

Thaddeus Gregory Blanchette

23.01.2024

Starting from a brief, casual quasi-ethnographic experience, Thaddeus Blanchette shows us the city as a space of "relative legibility", entangled in multiple perceptions, conceptions and experiences (cf. Lefebvre;
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The value of confession and the exercise of justice

Catarina Frois

06.12.2023

In this note, I discuss the intricacies of the different truths that arise from the empirical material constituted by crime authors' narratives in situations of deprivation of liberty and their analyses of the
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Seeing like a routier: routiers’ borderscapes between Southern Europe and West Africa

Pedro Figueiredo Neto and Ricardo Falcão

22.11.2023

Routier is the self-designation employed by Senegalese men driving decades-old vehicles overloaded with mostly second-hand items from Southern Europe to be sold in West Africa. By seeing like a
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Relational ethics and care for the world

Jarrett Zigon

16.11.2023

In the inaugural contribution to this section, Jarrett Zigon challenges the anthropology limits of relativizing and localizing. Based on the phenomenological-hermeneutic tradition, he proposes an anthropology of
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We are all curmanos

Ramón Sarró

10.10.2023

Starting from an analysis of the novel "El bosque de Ancines" by Galician writer Carlos Martínez-Barbeito, and his fascination with woods and wolves and other archetypes, the author examines the concept of the "curmano". What is a curmano? Are we
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Nombres de lugar: el espíritu

Ramón Sarró

10.10.2023

The name transforms the space into a singular place and, in particular, the religious name defines and constructs the identity of the place in a profound way. In this essay, the author combines landscape, language and religion to reflect on the
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Interview with João Leal

João Leal

Luís Cunha

Humberto Martins

03.10.2023

This interview features João Leal, the first director of Etnográfica. It was conducted by Luís Cunha and Humberto Martins in the Library of the National Museum of Ethnology in
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Etnographing the underground: notes and inspirations from the text by Francisco Martínez

Mariana Tello Weiss

28.09.2023

The text is highly inspiring from both a theoretical and methodological point of view. It proposes an ethnography of the basements in Sillamäe, a small village in eastern Estonia. A village that, because of its
[+]

What Else Can We Do with/in Holes?

Tamta Khalvashi

28.09.2023

“Where is a bunker?” This question started to haunt many of us in Georgian cities, when Russia invaded Ukraine in February 2022. Quest for bunkers, basements and shelters, for spaces of both opacity and
[+]

From basement to de-basement? A probing response to opacity

Hermione Spriggs

21.09.2023

“The opaque is not the obscure” (Glissant 1997:191). So begins Fran Martinez’ text on basements, which he approaches as spaces of opacity that can nonetheless be entered ethnographically. The
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Identity(ies) and negotiation: the dance of dressing and undressing, undressing and dressing (or not).

Raquel Mendes Pereira

19.09.2023

In an attempt to distance myself from the tourists' naked bodies, I decided to order some dresses from Arna, the village seamstress. Even so, throughout the research, my body and the way it was covered or uncovered
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Where the Story Begins Anew

Patrick Laviolette

29.08.2023

Francisco Martínez starts his essay with a quotation by Édouard Glissant. He might just as easily have chosen something from Gaston Bachelard’s Poetics of Space (1958) or Dick
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Gender, sexuality and ourselves

Miguel Vale de Almeida

25.08.2023

In Portugal, the social sciences and humanities have been very resistant to the development of gender and sexuality studies. While the country's peripheral status and the advent of democracy only in 1974 may explain this phenomenon, the same delay,
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Freedom to desire

Victor Hugo de Souza Barreto

28.06.2023

In this first edition of “A book and his critics”, we discuss Moisés Lino e Silva’s (Federal University of Bahia) recent book "Minoritarian Liberalism. A Travesti Life in a Brazilian Favela (2022)", which, based on ethnographic fieldwork in
[+]

Lights Out. Practicing Opacity in Estonian Basements

Francisco Martínez

21.06.2023

This essay engages with alternative regimes of visibility by investigating the things that are kept, and the practices that take place in basements of eastern Estonia. The use of hiding infrastructures is here
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Confusing maps: notes on new energy territorialities in Portugal and Europe

Ruy Llera Blanes

Luís Silva

Francisco Freire

Antonio Maria Pusceddu

Antónia Lima

Paulo Mendes

21.06.2023

In the current context of post-pandemics, climate crisis and armed conflict in Ukraine, the issue of energy, its production, access and consumption have gained prominence in the global geopolitical landscape. In
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